Relationship between cytotoxicity in the hippocampus and an abnormal high intensity area on the diffusion-weighted images of three patients with transient global amnesia

Katsuhiko Ogawa, Yutaka Suzuki, Takayoshi Akimoto, Keiji Shiobara, Makoto Hara, Akihiko Morita, Satoshi Kamei, Masayoshi Soma

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objective An abnormal high intensity area (HIA) on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) indicates the presence of cytotoxic edema and has been reported to be observed in the hippocampus of patients with transient global amnesia (TGA). The appearance of an HIA on DWI is usually delayed after the onset of patients with amnesia in TGA; thus, the significance of the HIA was evaluated in patients with TGA. Methods Three adult TGA patients who had a unilateral HIA on DWI (right, n=2; left, n=1) were enrolled. These patients were hospitalized due to acute-onset amnesia. Amnesia subsided within 24 hours of hospitalization in all three patients. Results The HIA was confined to the upper lateral zone of the body in the unilateral hippocampus where the CA1 region exists. The lesions were confirmed after the improvement of amnesia in the three patients. The location of the lesions corresponded to the watershed area where the upper and lower hippocampal arteries were anastomosed. Conclusion Cytotoxicity caused by glutamate-mediated calcium influx in the neurons of the CA1 region was recently reported in the pathogenesis of TGA. Based on the pathogenesis, the cytotoxicity was considered to have been caused by calcium overload throughout the entire CA1 region, and amnesia occurred due to this cytotoxicity. The cytotoxicity was more marked in the lesions because of the lower blood flow in the watershed area and was prolonged after the function of the CA1 region (excluding the watershed area) improved, which led to cytotoxic edema in the lesions.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)2631-2639
ページ数9
ジャーナルInternal Medicine
57
18
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2018

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