Isolation and identification methods of Rothia species in oral cavities

Osamu Tsuzukibashi, Satoshi Uchibori, Taira Kobayashi, Koji Umezawa, Chiho Mashimo, Takayuki Nambu, Masanori Saito, Tomomi Hashizume-Takizawa, Tomoko Ochiai

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事査読

36 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Rothia dentocariosa and Rothia mucilaginosa which are Gram-positive bacteria are part of the normal flora in the human oral cavity and pharynx. Furthermore, Rothia aeria, which was first isolated from air samples in the Russian space station Mir, is predicted to be an oral inhabitant. Immunocompromised patients are often infected by these organisms, leading to various systemic diseases. The involvement of these organisms in oral infections has attracted little attention, and their distribution in the oral cavity has not been fully clarified because of difficulties in accurately identifying these organisms. A suitable selective medium for oral Rothia species, including R. aeria, is necessary to assess the veritable prevalence of these organisms in the oral cavity. To examine the bacterial population in the oral cavity, a novel selective medium (ORSM) was developed for isolating oral Rothia species in this study. ORSM consists of tryptone, sodium gluconate, Lab-Lemco powder, sodium fluoride, neutral acriflavin, lincomycin, colistin, and agar. The average growth recovery of oral Rothia species on ORSM was 96.7% compared with that on BHI-Y agar. Growth of other representative oral bacteria, i.e. genera Streptococcus, Actinomyces, Neisseria, and Corynebacterium, was remarkably inhibited on the selective medium. PCR primers were designed based on partial sequences of the 16S rDNA genes of oral Rothia species. These primers reacted to each organism and did not react to other non-oral Rothia species or representative oral bacteria. These results indicated that these primers are useful for identifying oral Rothia species. A simple multiplex PCR procedure using these primers was a reliable method of identifying oral Rothia species. The proportion of oral Rothia species in saliva samples collected from 20 subjects was examined by culture method using ORSM. Rothia dentocariosa, Rothia mucilaginosa, and R. aeria accounted for 1.3%, 5.9%, and 0.8% of the total cultivable bacteria number on BHI-Y agar in the oral cavities of all subjects, respectively. It was indicated that among oral Rothia species, R. mucilaginosa is most predominant in the oral cavity of humans. A novel selective medium, ORSM, was useful for isolating each oral Rothia species.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)21-26
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Microbiological Methods
134
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1 3月 2017

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