Visceral adiposity and high adiponectin levels are associated with the prevalence of pancreatic cystic lesions

Suguru Mizuno, Yousuke Nakai, Hiroyuki Isayama, Takeharu Yoshikawa, Kei Saito, Naminatsu Takahara, Hirofumi Kogure, Minoru Tada, Naoto Hayashi, Kazuhiko Koike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Obesity is increasing in developed countries and is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC). We previously reported that obesity was associated with pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs), which are both precursors of, and risk factors for, PaC. In the present study, we further investigated the relationship between visceral adiposity and adiponectin levels and the extent of PCLs. Methods: Individuals who underwent comprehensive health screening at our institution between January 2008 and March 2013 were analyzed. PCLs were diagnosed via magnetic resonance imaging using a 3.0 Tesla system. The volumes of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) were measured from computed tomographic volume data. Serum levels of adiponectin were measured using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The prevalences of PCLs were 14.2% in males (N = 2683; mean age, 56.4 years) and 16.2% in females (N = 1741; mean age, 57.1 years). The prevalence of PCLs increased gradually as VAT volume increased (P < 0.001). PCLs were more prevalent in individuals with high adiponectin levels (18.7% vs. 13.8%, P = 0.005). VAT volume (odds ratio [OR] for the highest quartiles, 1.52 [1.07–2.16]; P = 0.025) and adiponectin level (OR for the highest quartiles, 1.31 [1.08–1.59]; P = 0.007) but not SAT volume (P = 0.828) was significantly associated with PCLs in multivariate analyses. Conclusions: Visceral adiposity and high adiponectin levels were associated with PCL prevalence. Further work is needed to explore the relationships between visceral adiposity and adiponectin levels, and PCLs and PaC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


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