Vertebral fracture in elderly female patients after posterior fusion with pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar pathology: A retrospective cohort study

Masahiro Nakahashi, Hiroshi Uei, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Masafumi Maseda, Hirokatsu Sawada, Hirotoki Soma, Hiroyuki Miyakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There have been only a few reports of subsequent postoperative vertebral fracture following posterior spinal instrumentation fusion, especially in elderly female patients. This study attempted to evaluate the long-term prevalence of subsequent postoperative vertebral fracture in female patients aged 70 years and older who underwent spine decompression and fusion surgery with pedicle screw fixation. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data from 125 patients who met our inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to age: patients aged 70 years and older (Group A) and patients aged under 70 years of age (Group B). We evaluated incidence of subsequent postoperative vertebral fractures, type and timing of vertebral fractures, preoperative bone mineral density (BMD), preoperative diagnosis, surgical procedure, number of levels fused, extension of fusion to the lumbosacral junction, and presence of a transverse fixator. Results: Baseline characteristics excluding patients' age were not statistically different between the two groups. Preoperative BMD of Group A was an average 81.7% of the young adult mean (YAM) value and that of Group B was an average 85.1% YAM value. Subsequent postoperative vertebral fractures occurred in 22 (41.5%) of 53 in Group A. On the other hand, fracture occurred in 17 (23.6%) of 72 in Group B. There were significant differences between the groups (p = 0.02). The odds ratio for subsequent vertebral fracture was 2.4 (95% confidence interval: 1.1-5.2) in favor of Group A. Survival analysis showed that the rate of subsequent vertebral fracture was significantly higher in Group A (log-rank test, P = 0.007). Conclusions: The incidence of subsequent vertebral fracture in patients aged 70 years and older was significantly higher than in patients aged under 70 years of age. In the case of pedicle screw fixation in elderly female patients, it is necessary to note the high risk of subsequent vertebral fracture despite short or non-rigid fusion. Vertebral fracture after posterior fusion surgery even for degenerative lumbar pathology could occur in more than one-third of female patients aged 70 years and older.

Original languageEnglish
Article number259
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2019

Keywords

  • Complication
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
  • Elderly female
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pedicle screw fixation
  • Vertebral fracture

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Vertebral fracture in elderly female patients after posterior fusion with pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar pathology: A retrospective cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this