Ultraviolet treatment restores bioactivity of titanium mesh plate degraded by contact with medical gloves

Takahisa Okubo, Naoki Tsukimura, Takashi Taniyama, Manabu Ishijima, Kourosh Nakhaei, Naser M. Rezaei, Makoto Hirota, Wonhee Park, Daisuke Akita, Atsushi Tateno, Tomohiko Ishigami, Takahiro Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium mesh plate (Ti mesh) used for bone augmentation inadvertently comes into contact with medical gloves during trimming and bending. We tested the hypotheses that glove contact degrades the biological capability of Ti mesh and that ultraviolet treatment (UV) can restore this capability. Three groups of Ti mesh specimens were prepared: as-received (AR), after glove contact (GC), and after glove contact followed by UV treatment. The AR and GC meshes were hydrophobic, but GC mesh was more hydrophobic. AR and GC meshes had significant amounts of surface carbon, and Si content was higher for GC mesh than for AR mesh. UV mesh was hydrophilic, and carbon and silicon content values were significantly lower in this group than in the AR and GC groups. The number, alkaline phosphatase activity, and mineralization ability of attached osteoblasts were significantly lower in the GC group than in the AR group and markedly higher in the UV group than in the AR group. In conclusion, glove contact caused chemical contamination of Ti mesh, which significantly reduced its bioactivity. UV treatment restored bioactivity in contaminated Ti mesh, which outperformed even the baseline Ti mesh.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-573
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Oral Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • Guided bone generation
  • Osteoblasts
  • Photofunctionalization
  • Titanium mesh


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