Three-Dimensional Fluid Dynamical Features of Coronary Plaque Rupture Provoking Acute Coronary Syndrome

Korehito Iida, Takafumi Hiro, Daisuke Fukamachi, Mitsumasa Sudo, Toshihiko Nishida, Naotaka Akutsu, Nobuhiro Murata, Takaaki Kogo, Keisuke Kojima, Takashi Mineki, Takehiro Tamaki, Suguru Migita, Tomoyuki Morikawa, Yasuo Okumura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: Coronary plaque rupture is the main cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but the role of blood flow features around plaque rupture for ACS is still unknown. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the geometric configuration of ruptured plaque and ACS occurrence using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) by moving particle method in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: In this study, 45 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and had a coronary ruptured plaque (24 plaques with provoked ACS, 21 without) were included. To compare the difference in blood flow profile around ruptured plaque between the patients with and without ACS, the IVUS images were analyzed via the novel CFD analysis. Results: There were no significant differences in localized flow profile around ruptured plaque between the two groups when the initial particle velocity was 10.0 cm/s corresponded to a higher coronary flow velocity at ventricular diastole. However, when it was 1.0 cm/s corresponded to lower coronary flow velocity at ventricular systole, particles with lower velocity (0 ≤ V ≤ 5 cm/s) were more prevalent around ACS-PR (p =0.035), whereas particles with higher velocity (10 ≤ V ≤ 20 cm/s) were more often detected in silent plaque ruptures (p =0.018). Conclusions: Three-dimensional IVUS revealed that coronary plaque rupture was a complex one with a wide variety of its stereoscopic configuration, leading to various patterns of the local coronary flow profile. A novel CFD analysis suggested that the local flow was more stagnant around ACS-provoked ruptures than in silent ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-473
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Coronary plaque rupture
  • Moving particle method
  • Three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound


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