The effect of mature adipocyte-derived dedifferentiated fat (DFAT) cells on a dorsal skin flap model

Tsutomu Kashimura, Kazutaka Soejima, Takashi Asami, Tomohiko Kazama, Taro Matsumoto, Hiroaki Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Dedifferentiated fat (DFAT) cells, isolated from mature adipose cell, have high proliferative potential and pluripotency.We report on the expansion of flap survival areas on the back of rats administrating DFAT cells. Materials and Methods: Intraperitoneal adipose tissue was collected from a male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat. The mature fat cells were cultured on the ceiling surface of culture flask to isolate DFAT cells. On day 7 of the culture, the flask was inverted to allow normal adherent culture. A dorsal caudal-based random pattern flap measuring 2 × 9 cmwas raised on each SD rat.We prepared a control group (n = 10) and a flap base injection group in which DFAT cells were injected 2 cmfromthe flap base (n=10) and a flap center DFAT injection group (n=10). Inwhich DFAT cells at 1 × 106 cells/0.1 ml were injected beneath the skin muscle layers of the flap. The flap survival areas were assessed on day 14 after surgery. Results: The mean flap survival rates of the control group, flap center injection group and flap base injection group were 53.6 ± 6.1%, 50.6 ± 6.4% and 65.8 ± 2.4%, respectively. The flap survival areas significantly expanded in the flap base injection group (p <.05). In H-E staining beneath the skin muscle layer connective tissue thickened in the flap base injection group. In the India ink staining, abundant neovascularization was observed inside the thickened parts. Conclusion: The injection of DFAT cells into the flap base promoted the expansion of survival areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Investigative Surgery
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2016

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Dedifferentiated fat cells
  • Injection
  • Rats
  • Stem cells
  • Surgical flaps

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