Suppression of radial motion in translated field-reversed configuration plasma via global gyro-effect

Daichi Kobayashi, Taichi Seki, Tsutomu Takahashi, Jordan Morelli, Tomohiko Asai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The radial motion of a field-reversed configuration (FRC) during translation at supersonic/Alfvénic speed was effectively suppressed by the global gyro-effect induced by toroidal flow. In magnetohydrodynamic approximation, an FRC is inherently unstable against radial motions such as tilt and wobble. Surprisingly, the magnetic structure of the FRC remained intact even during translation at speeds exceeding the ion sonic and Alfvén speeds, despite the presence of radial motions. Optical observations were conducted on the radial motion and toroidal flow of translated FRCs under various electric boundary conditions at the device end. The implementation of end-shorting led to an increased toroidal flow rate, consequently reducing the radial displacement of the FRC during translation. This control of toroidal flow from the device’s end not only suppressed radial motion but also facilitated head-on collisions in the formation of FRCs by the collisional merging technique. The findings emphasize the significance of toroidal flow control in preserving the integrity of FRC’s simply connected geometry and enhancing its formation performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065017
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • end-shorting
  • field-reversed configuration
  • super-Alfvénic translation
  • toroidal flow


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