Relationship of systemic pentraxin-3 values with coronary plaque components on optical coherence tomography and post-percutaneous coronary intervention outcomes in patients with stable angina pectoris

Shigeki Kimura, Tomoyo Sugiyama, Keiichi Hishikari, Shun Nakagama, Shun Nakamura, Toru Misawa, Masafumi Mizusawa, Kazuto Hayasaka, Yosuke Yamakami, Yuichiro Sagawa, Keisuke Kojima, Hirofumi Ohtani, Hiroyuki Hikita, Atsushi Takahashi

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: Elevated pentraxin-3 (PTX3) values are associated with vulnerable plaque existence and poor outcomes in acute coronary syndrome patients. The clinical significance of PTX3 values in stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients is, however, undetermined. We investigated the relationship of systemic PTX3 values and coronary plaque components and post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) outcomes in SAP patients. Methods: We included 93 consecutive de-novo lesions in 93 SAP patients with a normal pre-PCI high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T (<0.014 ng/mL), undergoing pre- and post-PCI optical coherence tomography (OCT). Systemic PTX3 values were obtained immediately pre- and post-PCI, at 24-h and 9-month post-PCI. Results: Peak post-PCI PTX3 values correlated with thinnest fibrous cap thickness (r = −0.23, p = 0.03) and lipid length (r = 0.24, p = 0.03), and were higher in patients with lesions having OCT-derived thin-cap fibroatheroma (6.67 (3.19–7.33) vs. 3.13 (2.34–4.11) ng/mL, p = 0.04) and post-stenting irregular tissue protrusion (4.76 (3.31–6.80) vs. 2.98 (2.23–4.06) ng/mL, p = 0.003) than in those without. At 9-month follow-up, cardiac event-free survival was poorer in patients with a peak post-PCI PTX3 value ≥ 4.08 ng/mL (upper tertile) (log-rank test χ2 = 9.0; p = 0.003). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a peak post-PCI PTX3 value ≥ 4.08 ng/mL as an independent predictor of MACE (hazard ratio, 3.915; 95% CI, 1.129–13.583; p = 0.03). Conclusions: Peak post-PCI PTX3 values correlated with pre-PCI plaque characteristics and post-PCI outcomes, providing a good prognostic factor of outcomes in SAP patients undergoing elective PCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Inflammation
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Pentraxin
  • Stable angina

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