Prognostic value of the MELD-XI score in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy

Yuki Saito, Toshiko Nakai, Yukitoshi Ikeya, Rikitake Kogawa, Naoto Otsuka, Yuji Wakamatsu, Sayaka Kurokawa, Kimie Ohkubo, Koichi Nagashima, Yasuo Okumura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Multi-organ dysfunction was recently reported to be a common condition in patients with heart failure (HF). The Model for End-stage Liver Disease eXcluding International normalized ratio (MELD-XI) score reflects liver and kidney function. The prognostic relevance of this score has been reported in patients with a variety of cardiovascular diseases who are undergoing interventional therapies. However, the relationship between the severity of hepatorenal dysfunction assessed by the MELD-XI score and the long-term clinical outcomes of HF patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has not been evaluated. Methods and results: Clinical records of 283 patients who underwent CRT implantation between March 2003 and October 2020 were retrospectively evaluated (mean age 67 ± 12, 22.6% female). Blood samples were collected before CRT implantation. Patients were divided into three groups based on tertiles of the MELD-XI score: first tertile (MELD-XI = 9.44, n = 95), second tertile (9.44 < MELD-XI < 13.4, n = 94), and third tertile (MELD-XI ≥ 13.4, n = 94). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Compared with the other groups, the third tertile group exhibited significantly older age, higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, lower haemoglobin level, and higher N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level (all P < 0.05). The functional CRT response rate was also significantly lower in the third tertile group (P = 0.011). During a median follow-up of 30 months (inter-quartile range, 9–67), 105 patients (37.1%) died. Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that patients with a higher MELD-XI score had a greater risk of all-cause mortality (log-rank test: P < 0.001). Even after adjustment for clinically relevant factors and a conventional risk score, the MELD-XI score was still associated with mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.04, 95% confidence interval: 1.00–1.07, P = 0.014, and adjusted hazard ratio: 1.04, 95% confidence interval: 1.01–1.09, P = 0.005, respectively). A higher MELD-XI score was associated with a greater risk of all-cause mortality than a lower MELD-XI score regardless of whether a pacemaker or defibrillator was implanted (log-rank test: P = 0.010 and P < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: Impaired hepatorenal function assessed by the MELD-XI score was associated with older age, higher prevalence of multiple co-morbidities, severity of HF, lower CRT response rates, and subsequent all-cause mortality in HF patients undergoing CRT implantation. These results suggest that the MELD-XI score can provide additional prognostic information and may be useful for improving risk stratification in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1080-1089
Number of pages10
JournalESC heart failure
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Heart failure
  • Multi-organ dysfunction
  • Pacemaker implantation

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