Prognostic value of myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography for the prediction of future cardiac events in a Japanese population - A middle-term follow-up study

Naoya Matsumoto, Yuichi Sato, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Taeko Kunimasa, Shunichi Yoda, Jun Iida, Yoshimochi Nakano, Akihiro Yoshimura, Takaaki Miki, Masahiko Kato, Shinro Matsuo, Satoshi Saito, Atsushi Hirayama

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The prognostic value of rest 201Tl/stress 99mTc-tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for the prediction of future hard cardiac events, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina (UAP) and cardiac death, and the implications for risk stratification has not yet been defined in a Japanese population. Methods and Results: The 1,988 patients who underwent rest 201Tl/stress 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT were identified and followed up for the occurrence of AMI, UAP and cardiac death. The mean follow-up interval was 26.9±15.8 months. The 142 patients were revascularized within 60 days after SPECT and they were censored from the prognostic analysis. Summed stress score (SSS), summed rest score and summed difference score (SDS) were calculated using a 5-point scoring (Normal: 0, No uptake: 4) and a 20-segment model; 22 cases of myocardial infarction, 31 of UAP and 22 cardiac deaths occurred (1.2%, 1.7% and 1.2%, respectively). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that hypertension (Wald 6.37, p<0.05) and SDS (Wald 8.77, p<0.01) were independent predictors of AMI and UAP. Advanced age (Wald 16.0, p<0.001), SSS (Wald 10.9, p<0.01) and SDS (Wald 4.58, p<0.05) were independent predictors of cardiac death. Conclusion: Myocardial perfusion SPECT yields prognostic information toward the identification of acute coronary syndrome and cardiac death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1580-1585
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume71
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Cardiac death
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Single-photon emission computed tomography

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