Poly I: C induces collective migration of HaCaT keratinocytes via IL-8

Kazuhide Takada, Shihoko Komine-Aizawa, Naoko Hirohata, Quang Duy Trinh, Atsuyoshi Nishina, Hirokazu Kimura, Satoshi Hayakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Delayed wound healing reduces the quality of life (QOL) of patients. Thus, understanding the mechanism of wound healing is indispensable for better management. However, the role of innate immunity in wound healing is thus far unknown. Recently the involvement of TLR3 in wound healing has been evaluated. The systemic administration of polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidylic acid (poly I:C ; a substitute for viral dsRNA and a ligand of toll-like receptor 3), enhances wound healing in vivo. The aim of this study is to improve our understanding of the link between innate immunity and human wound healing, particularly in re-epithelialization. Results: The present study showed that poly I:C significantly accelerated collective HaCaT cell migration in a scratch assay. Poly I:C also increased IL-8 and bFGF production, and anti-IL-8 antibodies significantly inhibited the migration caused by poly I:C. Human recombinant IL-8 also accelerated collective HaCaT cell migration. An immunofluorescence assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) also revealed that poly I:C decreased E-cadherin protein levels and increased vimentin protein levels, and anti-IL-8 antibody reversed this effect. In contrast, nucleic/cytosolic protein ratios of Snail 1 were unchanged in all tested conditions. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that poly I:C accelerated collective HaCaT cell migration via autocrine/paracrine secretions of IL-8 and the subsequent incomplete epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Our findings provide a new strategy for wound healing by regulating innate immune systems in re-epithelialization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalBMC Immunology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Collective migration
  • Epithelial-mesenchymal transition
  • IL-8
  • Keratinocyte
  • Poly I:C
  • Toll-like receptor
  • Wound healing

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