Optimal Insertion Torque for Orthodontic Anchoring Screw Placement: A Comprehensive Review

Yasuki Uchida, Yasuhiro Namura, Mitsuru Motoyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The optimal insertion torque (IT) for orthodontic anchoring screws (OASs) was hypothesized to vary with OAS features and insertion methods. This review examines the indexed English literature, to determine the appropriate IT range for OAS success based on area of insertion and OAS features. Eleven original articles with OAS placement in humans including IT and success rate were selected and were used to evaluate the relationships among IT, success rates, screw design, and placement methods at different sites. The ITs and success rates ranged from 6.0 ± 3.2 to 15.7 ± 2.3 Ncm and from 62.5 to 100.0% in the upper and lower buccal alveolar areas, respectively. For the mid-palatal area, the range was 14.5 ± 1.6 to 25.6 ± 5.5 Ncm and 83.0 to 100.0%, respectively. ITs of 5–12 and 6–14 Ncm were found to be optimal for the commonly used φ1.5–1.7 mm OASs in the upper and lower interproximal areas, respectively. In the mid-palatal suture area, ITs of 11–16 and 20–25 Ncm were considered suitable for tapered φ1.5 mm and φ2.0 mm OASs, respectively. Although identified optimal IT ranges deserve the recommendations, care must be taken to monitor the IT during placement constantly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10681
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


  • insertion torque
  • orthodontic anchoring screw
  • orthodontic mini-implant
  • placement torque
  • success rate
  • temporary anchorage device (TAD)


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