Multi-point density measurement of a collisional merging formation process of FRCs

A. Tatsumi, T. Asai, TS Takahashi, D. Kobayashi, H. Someya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Collisional merging formation of field-reversed configuration (FRC) plasmas at supersonic velocities was performed using the FRC amplification via translation-collisional merging device. Supersonic collisional merging formation is a novel technique to form an FRC that is long-lived compared to a conventional initial formation FRC; however, this technique requires measuring the plasma parameters at multiple points simultaneously because of the dynamic translation/merging process. Herein, we have developed a new interferometer and have observed the dynamic behavior of FRCs in the formation, translation, and merging processes simultaneously. In this study, as one of the performance evaluations of the developed simultaneous density measurement, collision/merging of FRCs have been conducted in the confinement section with and without background neutral gas. Comparing translation into deuterium gas vs translation into a vacuum environment prior to the collisional merging, we found that the background neutral particles were trapped in the merged FRC; moreover, a difference in the decay rate of the stored internal energy was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053544
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


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