MicroRNA profiling in gingival crevicular fluid of periodontitis—a pilot study

Akira Saito, Masafumi Horie, Kenichiro Ejiri, Akira Aoki, Sayaka Katagiri, Shogo Maekawa, Shinta Suzuki, Sophannary Kong, Tsuneto Yamauchi, Yoko Yamaguchi, Yuichi Izumi, Mitsuhiro Ohshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the interface of teeth and surrounding tissues. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is an exudate of the periodontal tissues and can be collected from the gap between the tooth and gum (gingival sulcus or periodontal pocket) with paper strips. Testing of GCF is a low-cost and minimally invasive procedure. In a variety of diseases, microRNAs (miRNAs) in body fluids are implicated in pathogenesis, and are suggested as potential diagnostic biomarkers. Here, we profiled miRNAs in GCF (two chronic periodontitis, one aggressive periodontitis, and five healthy subjects) using miRCURY LNA™ Universal RT microRNA PCR System, which yielded quantitative measures of more than 600 miRNAs. Through this analysis, we found that miRNA profiles in GCF of periodontitis patients are distinct from those of healthy controls. We further selected 40 miRNAs and confirmed their differential expression patterns in different subjects (five chronic periodontitis, one aggressive periodontitis, and six healthy subjects) using a custom miRNA PCR panel. This is the first demonstration of miRNA profiling in GCF and its alteration in periodontitis. Our findings suggest that a subset of miRNAs in GCF holds potential as a biomarker for periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-994
Number of pages14
JournalFEBS Open Bio
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • gingival crevicular fluid
  • microRNA
  • periodontal pocket
  • periodontitis

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