MHD simulation of supersonic FRC merging corrected by non-invasive magnetic measurements

D. Kobayashi, T. Asai, Ts Takahashi, T. Watanabe, T. Yoshino, D. Harashima, S. Dettrick, Y. Mok, H. Gota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a newly developed correction method with external magnetic measurements for the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulation of the collisional merging formation of a field-reversed configuration (FRC) realized the estimation of the internal structure of the FRCs without invasive internal measurements. In the collisional merging formation of FRCs, an FRC is formed via merging of two initial FRC-like plasmoids at supersonic/Alfvénic velocity. An invasive diagnostic may also interfere with the collisional merging formation process. A two-dimensional resistive MHD simulation was conducted to evaluate the global behavior and internal structure of FRCs in the collisional merging formation process without invasive measurements. This code simulated the initial formation and collisional merging processes of FRCs including discharge circuits. However, the translation velocity and the pressure of initial FRCs did not simultaneously agree with the experimental values because the magnetic pressure gradient in each formation region could not be reproduced without the artificial adjustment of the initial condition. The experimentally measured current distribution was given as the initial condition of the circuit calculation in the developed correction method. The initial FRCs were successfully translated at the translation velocity and plasma pressure in the corrected simulation, both of which were equivalent to the experiments. The properties of the merged FRCs in the experiments such as volume, total temperature, and average electron density were reproduced in the corrected simulation. The detailed radial profile of the internal magnetic field of the FRC was also measured and found to agree very well with the simulation results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053515
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


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