Measurement of wall shear stress on an airfoil surface by using the oil film interferometry with PIV analysis applied to Fizeau fringes

Tatsuhiko Imai, Kenya Kondo, Yasumasa Suzuki, Yuya Miki

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1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, oil film interferometry (OFI) was applied to the flow around the suction surface of a twodimensional airfoil under high lift conditions to measure the wall shear stress. However, existing OFI methods have difficulty measuring the wall shear stress in images affected by reverse and secondary flows. Therefore, the particle image velocimetry (PIV) method was applied to the Fizeau fringe images to determine the direction of progress from the calculated velocity vector. An airfoil with a wing section of NACA0012 was used, the Reynolds number was set to 8 × 104, and angle of attack was set at 11°. A direct spatial domain correlation was used for the PIV analysis method. At x/c = 0.75 to 0.83, the measured local skin friction coefficient was good agreeing with the large eddy simulation calculated results reported by Miyazawa et al. (Transaction of the JSME, Series B, Vol.72, No.721 (2006)). However, a large difference between the measured and calculated local skin friction coefficients occurred at x/c = 0.17 near the re-attachment point. The wall shear stress is determined by calculating the dominant frequencies using fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis from the matrix data obtained by mean of the pixel intensities in the analysis region in the span direction. If the Fizeau fringe image is uniform in the span direction, the program can calculate the periodic waves. When the Fizeau fringes are tilted to the analysis range, the FFT analysis of the obtained matrix data results in an error because the dominant frequency cannot be calculated. Therefore, velocity vectors were detected near the re-attachment point by adapting PIV to the Fizeau fringe images. The local skin friction coefficients were calculated by OFI measurements with the Fizeau fringe images that were rotated by the angle of the velocity vector determined by PIV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22-00341
JournalJournal of Fluid Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Airfoil flow
  • Oil film interferometry
  • Particle image velocimetry
  • Separated flow
  • Wall shear stress


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