Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-6 and RANKL expression in osteoblasts

Mayu Nagao, Natsuko Tanabe, Soichiro Manaka, Tadahiro Takayama, Takayuki Kawato, Go Torigoe, Jumpei Sekino, Naoya Tsukune, Manami Ozaki, Masao Maeno, Naoto Suzuki, Shuichi Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontal disease is caused by inflammation induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and involves expression of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), which are implicated in bone resorption. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is commonly used in the treatment of bone fracture. However, the mechanisms by which LIPUS inhibits LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines are poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the effects of LIPUS on LPS-induced expression of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and RANKL. MC3T3-E1 cells were incubated in the presence or absence of P.g. LPS and then stimulated with LIPUS for 30 min/day for a maximum of 14 days. LPS increased mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6 and RANKL on day 14. In addition, mRNA expression of COX-2 LPS was higher after 3 and 7 days of LIPUS treatment. PGE2 was induced by LPS after 7 and 14 days of culture. LIPUS suppressed all stimulatory effects of LPS. These results suggest that LIPUS inhibits LPS-induced expression of inflammation cytokines by suppressing PGE2 production and might thus have potential applications in the treatment of periodontitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-309
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Oral Science
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • LIPUS
  • LPS
  • PGE
  • Proinflammatory cytokine

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