Influence of masticating cycles and chewing patterns on inadvertent enamel wear caused by zirconia brackets

Yasuhiro Namura, Yasuki Uchida, Mizuki Inaba, Ryo Kaetsu, Akihisa Utsu, Toshiki Takamizawa, Masashi Miyazaki, Mitsuru Motoyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Little information is available about enamel wear caused by zirconia brackets, an inadvertent side effect of orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine potential enamel damage induced by contact with zirconia brackets. Sliding and impact wear simulations were performed using bovine enamel specimens positioned at a 25° slant to a zirconium ball to determine wear behaviour. Different chewing patterns, tapping and grinding, were simulated. Specimens were profiled using confocal laser scanning microscopy, and the mean maximum depth and surface roughness were measured. Scanning electron microscopy was also performed. The mean maximum depth of wear values differed according to the number of mastication cycles, with a higher number of cycles producing higher depths of wear. The facet wear depth was significantly greater with the tapping pattern than with the grinding pattern. Scanning electron microscopic observation of the wear facets revealed that surface textures at the edges were rougher than those at the centre of all facets. The results of this study indicated that enamel wear was induced by contact with zirconia brackets during the early period of mastication, and that the patterns and number of cycles of mastication affected the wear progression of enamel.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12831
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • tooth abrasion
  • tooth attrition
  • tooth wear


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