Hybrid technique coil embolisation for intrahepatic arterioportal fistula in a cat: case report

Akiko Uemura, Takashi Haruyama, Mary Nakata, Toshiharu Fukayama, Seijirow Goya, Ryuji Fukushima, Ryou Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Case summary A 13-month-old, female, mixed breed, 4.0 kg cat was referred with a 6 month history of decreased appetite, loss of vigour and intermittent vomiting. Physical examination revealed no cyanosis or wasting, and no audible heart murmur was auscultated. Blood profile revealed mild anaemia and mildly elevated postprandial serum ammonia (109 µg/dl). Abdominal ultrasonography revealed dilation of an intrahepatic portal vein branch and an intrahepatic aneurysm, with splenomegaly and ascites. Hepatic arteriovenous fistula/hepatic artery–portal vein fistula with multiple acquired portosystemic shunts was strongly suspected. Medical control was achieved using antibiotics, liver-protecting agents, a low-protein diet and blood transfusions. However, because medical treatment proved ineffective, coil embolisation was performed on day 11, using a hybrid approach via the mesenteric vein. Subsequent follow-up showed good appetite, with no signs of diarrhoea or ascites. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed that the mosaic pattern around the site of coil placement in the portal vein branch had improved and pulsatility had disappeared. Relevance and novel information Intrahepatic arterioportal fistula involves a circulatory shunt between the hepatic artery and the hepatic or portal vein within the liver, and may be congenital or acquired. Both forms have been reported in humans, but most cases in cats have been congenital. Few reports have described treatment methods or prognosis in cats. We report here that coil embolisation using a hybrid approach is a procedure offering easy, effective treatment by blocking hepatofugal blood flow.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1963
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Hybrid technique coil embolisation for intrahepatic arterioportal fistula in a cat: case report'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this