How Can We Expand Unintended Outcomes in Participatory Design?

Naoya Tojo, Haruka Yoshida, Tomoko Oto, Sumaru Niida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper investigates the mechanisms by which design deliverables contribute to other design activities in unintended contexts in a participatory design (PD). Specifically, this paper focuses on the need-solution pair (NSP) problem-solving process, an emerging concept in organizational economics. We first briefly introduce this concept and then investigate the implication of a viable NSP search in relation to PD. This exploration is exemplified by a case study in the field of well-being, which presents the key elements of NSP problem solving in PD. The nature of PD such as democratic participation, empowerment, and respect for field sites can make the NSP search more effective and enriching, and the results of participatory NSP problem solving have the potential to integrate activities of participant groups in different contexts and reconfigure them as an ecosystem that makes them contribute to each other.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExploratory Papers, Workshops, Places, Situated Actions and Doctoral Colloquium
EditorsVasilis Vlachokyriakos, Joyce Yee, Christopher Frauenberger, Melisa Duque Hurtado, Nicolai Hansen, Angelika Strohmayer, Izak Van Zyl, Andy Dearden, Reem Talhouk, Cally Gatehouse, Donna Leishman, Shana Agid, Mariacristina Sciannamblo, Jennyfer Taylor, Andrea Botero, Chiara Del Gaudio, Yoko Akama, Rachel Clarke, John Vines
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781450396813
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2022
Event17th Participatory Design Conference - Embracing Cosmologies: Expanding Worlds of Participatory Design, PDC 2022 - Virtual, Online, United Kingdom
Duration: 19 Aug 20221 Sept 2022

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference17th Participatory Design Conference - Embracing Cosmologies: Expanding Worlds of Participatory Design, PDC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityVirtual, Online


  • design context
  • need-solution pair search
  • participatory design
  • problem solving
  • unintended aspect of solutions


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