Gut-Microbiota Dysbiosis in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats with Diet-Induced Steatohepatitis

Shini Kanezawa, Mitsuhiko Moriyama, Tatsuo Kanda, Akiko Fukushima, Ryota Masuzaki, Reina Sasaki-Tanaka, Akiko Tsunemi, Takahiro Ueno, Noboru Fukuda, Hirofumi Kogure

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Abstract

Metabolic-dysfunction-associated fatty-liver disease (MAFLD) is the principal worldwide cause of liver disease. Individuals with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) have a higher prevalence of small-intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). We examined gut-microbiota isolated from 12-week-old stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive-5 rats (SHRSP5) fed on a normal diet (ND) or a high-fat- and high-cholesterol-containing diet (HFCD) and clarified the differences between their gut-microbiota. We observed that the Firmicute/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio in both the small intestines and the feces of the SHRSP5 rats fed HFCD increased compared to that of the SHRSP5 rats fed ND. Notably, the quantities of the 16S rRNA genes in small intestines of the SHRSP5 rats fed HFCD were significantly lower than those of the SHRSP5 rats fed ND. As in SIBO syndrome, the SHRSP5 rats fed HFCD presented with diarrhea and body-weight loss with abnormal types of bacteria in the small intestine, although the number of bacteria in the small intestine did not increase. The microbiota of the feces in the SHRSP5 rats fed HFCD was different from those in the SHRP5 rats fed ND. In conclusion, there is an association between MAFLD and gut-microbiota alteration. Gut-microbiota alteration may be a therapeutic target for MAFLD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4603
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio
  • gut-microbiota
  • high-fat- and high-cholesterol-containing diet
  • hypertension
  • metabolic-dysfunction-associated fatty-liver disease
  • nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
  • small-intestinal bacterial overgrowth
  • stroke

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