Functional expression of TLR5 in murine salivary gland epithelial cells

Satoko Iwasa, Hirotaka Ota, Kensuke Nishio, Mariko Ohtsu, Masafumi Kusunoki, Takahiro Gojoubori, Tetsuo Shirakawa, Masatake Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Toll-like receptors (TLR) recognize microbe-associated molecular patterns and induce the innate immune response. Among them, TLR5 recognizes the Gram-negative bacterial component flagellin. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of TLR5 in mouse salivary gland (SG). The SG was excised from 8- to 10-week-old female C57BL/6 mice. Salivary gland epithelial cells (SGECs) were purified and subjected to reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Western blotting was performed to detect TLR5 expression at the protein level in several organs. The localization of TLR5 in SG was examined using immunohistochemical staining. The responsiveness of SGECs to flagellin was further examined by evaluating the induction of CXCL1 by real-time PCR and immunoprecipitation followed by Western blotting. TLR5 expression in SG was confirmed at the gene and protein levels. Immunohistochemical staining detected TLR5 in both acinic and ductal cells of the sublingual gland, but not in serous acinic cells of the submandibular gland. Although TLR5 was detected throughout the cytoplasm in ductal cells, positive staining was observed on the basal side of the mucous acinic cells. The purified SGECs responded to flagellin and induced the production of CXCL1. These findings suggest that TLR5 is functionally expressed in the SG and responds to its cognate ligand flagellin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-323
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Oral Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


  • CXCL1
  • Salivary gland
  • Salivary gland epithelial cell
  • Toll-like receptor 5


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