Establishment of a new formula for QT interval correction using a large colony of cynomolgus monkeys

Shunya Nakayama, Hiroshi Koie, Miyoko Kato-Tateishi, Chungyu Pai, Yasuyo Ito-Fujishiro, Kiichi Kanayama, Tadashi Sankai, Yasuhiro Yasutomi, Naohide Ageyama

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The demand for monkeys for medical research is increasing, because their ionic mechanism of repolarization is similar to that of humans. The QT interval is the distance between the Q wave and T wave, but this interval is affected by heart rate. Therefore, QT correction methods are commonly used in clinical settings. However, an accurate correction formula for the QT interval in cynomolgus monkeys has not been reported. We assessed snapshot electrocardiograms (ECGs) of 353 ketamine-immobilized monkeys, including aged animals, and contrived a new formula for the corrected QT interval (QTc) as a marker of QT interval prolongation in cynomolgus monkeys. Values for QTc were calculated using the formula [QTc] = [QT] / [RR]n, along with several other formulas commonly used to calculate QTc. We found that the optimal exponent of the QT interval corrected for heart rate, n, was 0.576. The mean value of QTc in healthy monkeys determined using the new formula was 373 ± 31 mm, and there were no significant differences between the sexes. Other ECG parameters were not significantly different between the sexes and there were no age-related effects on QTc. Prolongation of QTc to over 405 ms, as calculated by the new formula, was observed in 50 monkeys with underlying diseases. Additionally, all monkeys with QTc above 440 ms by the new formula had some underlying disease. The results resemble those in humans, suggesting that the new QTc formula could be useful for diagnosis of QT interval prolongation in cynomolgus monkeys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Animals
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cynomolgus monkey
  • Electrocardiogram
  • QT interval
  • The corrected QT interval


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