Endoscopic Bridge-and-Seal of Bile Leaks Using a Fully Covered Self-Expandable Metallic Stent above the Papilla

Koshiro Fukuda, Yousuke Nakai, Suguru Mizuno, Tatsuya Sato, Kensaku Noguchi, Sachiko Kanai, Tatsunori Suzuki, Ryunosuke Hakuta, Kazunaga Ishigaki, Kei Saito, Tomotaka Saito, Naminatsu Takahara, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Hirofumi Kogure, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro

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Abstract

Background/Aims: Endoscopic management by endoscopic sphincterotomy with or without plastic stents or fully covered self-expandable metallic stents (FCSEMSs) is widely accepted as the current standard of care for postoperative bile leaks. Biliary stents are placed across the papilla, not above the papilla. We investigated the safety and effectiveness of the bridge-and-seal technique for bile leaks by the placement of FCSEMS above the papilla. Methods: This was a retrospective study of FCSEMS placement above the papilla for bile leaks between October 2016 and July 2021. FCSEMS was placed above the papilla to bridge and seal the leak. The main outcome measures were the resolution of bile leaks and adverse events. Results: Seven patients with postoperative bile leaks underwent FCSEMS above the papilla. The locations of bile leaks were 1 cystic duct remnant; 2 intrahepatic bile duct; 1 hepatic duct; 2 common bile duct and 1 anastomosis. The technical success rate of FCSEMS placement was 100%, and resolution of bile leaks was achieved in five patients (71.4%). All the adverse events were observed after FCSEMS removal; as follows: 1 moderate cholangitis; 2 mild post-ERCP pancreatitis; and 1 mild remnant cholecystitis. Conclusions: FCSEMS placement above the papilla can be a treatment option for postoperative bile leaks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6019
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • bridge and seal technique
  • fully covered self-expandable metallic stents (FCSEMSs)
  • placement above the papilla
  • postoperative bile leaks

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