Effects of Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists in Early-Stage Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction

Kazuki Kagami, Masaru Obokata, Tomonari Harada, Yuki Saito, Ayami Naito, Hidemi Sorimachi, Naoki Yuasa, Toshimitsu Kato, Naoki Wada, Takeshi Adachi, Hideki Ishii

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Abstract

Background: Hospitalization with a first episode of heart failure (HF) is a serious event associated with poor clinical outcomes in HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Identification of HFpEF via detection of elevated left ventricular filling pressure at rest or during exercise may allow early intervention. Benefits of treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in established HFpEF have been reported, but use of MRAs is not well studied in early HFpEF without prior HF hospitalization. Methods: We retrospectively studied 197 patients with HFpEF who did not have prior hospitalization but had been diagnosed by exercise stress echocardiography or catheterization. We examined changes in natriuretic peptide levels and echocardiographic parameters reflecting diastolic function following MRA initiation. Results: Of the 197 patients with HFpEF, MRA treatment was initiated for 47 patients. After a median 3-month follow-up, reduction in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels from baseline to follow-up was greater in patients treated with MRA than in those who were not (median, -200 pg/mL [interquartile range, -544 to -31] vs 67 pg/mL [interquartile range, -95 to 456], P < 0.0001 in 50 patients with paired data). Similar results were observed for the changes in B-type natriuretic peptide levels. Reduction in the left atrial volume index was also greater in the MRA-treated group than in the non-MRA-treated group after a median 7-month follow-up (77 patients with paired echocardiographic data). Patients with lower left ventricular global longitudinal strain experienced a greater reduction in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels following MRA treatment. In the safety assessment, MRA modestly decreased renal function but did not change potassium levels. Conclusions: Our results suggest that MRA treatment has potential benefits for early-stage HFpEF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-391
Number of pages12
JournalCJC Open
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

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