Effects of composition on the hardness of orthodontic adhesives

Yasuhiro Namura, Toshiki Takamizawa, Yasuki Uchida, Mizuki Inaba, Daichi Noma, Tomoko Takemoto, Masashi Miyazaki, Mitsuru Motoyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Although there have been improvements in bracket systems precoated with adhesive, removal of adhesive remnants continues to be problematic. This study compared the hardness and maintainability of precoated adhesive with other commercial adhesives. Knoop hardness values were measured after light-or chemical-induced initial curing, immersion in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h and 1,000 and 10,000 thermal cycles after 24 h. Additionally, the forces required to move brackets by 0.5 mm were measured during bracket positioning, and brackets bonded to bovine enamel were examined by field-emission scanning electron microscopy. The Knoop hardness values of the precoated adhesives were lower than those of commercial resin composite adhesives, and hardness was dependent on the amount of filler in the resin matrix. The ability to maintain the device position may depend on the resin matrix composition. Precoated adhesives with less filler and more matrix material are light curable, and remnant resin may be easily removed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-51
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Oral Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • Composite resins
  • Dental bonding
  • Hardness tests


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