Effect of Atorvastatin on Microcirculation Evaluated by Vascular Occlusion Test with Peripheral Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

Keiichiro Kuronuma, Tsukasa Yagi, Shonosuke Sugai, Satoshi Hayashida, Kazuki Iso, Korehito Iida, Wataru Atsumi, Eizo Tachibana, Satoshi Kunimoto, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Shigemasa Tani, Naoya Matsumoto, Yasuo Okumura, Kaoru Sakatani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The vascular occlusion test (VOT) with peripheral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive method to evaluate peripheral microcirculation. Statin therapy is widely used for patients with dyslipidaemia and contributes to reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and adverse cardiovascular events. However, it is not yet clear whether statin treatment improves peripheral microcirculation assessed by VOT with NIRS. In the present study, using VOT with NIRS, we evaluated the effect of statin therapy on peripheral microcirculation in patients with dyslipidaemia before and after statin therapy. Methods: A total of six consecutive patients with dyslipidaemia who had not received statin therapy (6 males, mean age 71.8 ± 7.4 years) were enrolled. All patients were administered atorvastatin and their peripheral microcirculation assessed using VOT with NIRS (NIRO-200NX, Hamamatsu Photonics K.K., Japan) before and after statin therapy. The NIRS probe was attached to the right thenar eminence and brachial artery blood flow was blocked for 3 min at 50 mmHg above the resting systolic blood pressure. Maximum and minimum values of NIRS parameters after the VOT were used to determine concentration changes for total haemoglobin (ΔcHb), oxyhaemoglobin (ΔO2Hb), deoxyhaemoglobin (ΔHHb), and tissue oxygenation index (ΔTOI). Results: During the follow-up period (mean 30.3 ± 6.5 days), LDL-C level decreased from 129.7 ± 26.3 to 67.5 ± 20.2 mg/dL (p-value = 0.031), ΔTOI increased from 24.0 ± 5.3 to 33.7 ± 6.3% (p-value = 0.023), and ΔO2Hb increased from 16.4 ± 5.3 to 20.0 ± 6.6 μmol/L (p-value = 0.007). ΔcHb and ΔHHb did not change significantly. Conclusion: ΔO2Hb and ΔTOI were significantly increased during the follow-up period. These findings suggest that ΔO2Hb and ΔTOI could assess the improvement of peripheral microcirculation by statin therapy. Compared to ΔTOI, ΔO2Hb seems to be a more useful parameter to evaluate peripheral microcirculation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019


  • Dyslipidemia
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • NIRS
  • Peripheral microcirculation
  • Statin therapy


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