Early induction of hypothermia during cardiac arrest improves neurological outcomes in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who undergo emergency cardiopulmonary bypass and percutaneous coronary intervention

Ken Nagao, Kimio Kikushima, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Eizo Tachibana, Yoshiteru Tominaga, Katsushige Tada, Mitsuru Ishii, Nobutaka Chiba, Asuka Kasai, Taketomo Soga, Masakazu Matsuzaki, Kei Nishikawa, Yutaka Tateda, Harumi Ikeda, Tsukasa Yagi

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158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Therapeutic hypothermia for comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has demonstrated neurological benefits. Although early cooling during cardiac arrest enhances efficacy in animal studies, few clinical studies are available. Methods and Results: The 171 patients who failed to respond to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation were studied prospectively. Patients underwent emergency cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) plus intra-aortic balloon pumping, with subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if needed. Mild hypothermia (34° C for 3 days) was induced during cardiac arrest or after return of spontaneous circulation. Of the 171 patients, 21 (12.3%) had a favorable neurological outcome at hospital discharge. An unadjusted rate of favorable outcome decreased in a stepwise fashion for increasing quartiles of collapse-to-34° C interval (P=0.016). An adjusted odds ratio for favorable outcome after collapse-to-CPB interval was 0.89 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.82-0.97) and after CPB-to-34° C interval, 0.99 (95%CI 0.98-0.99) when collapse-to-34° C interval was divided into 2 components. Favorable neurological accuracy of a collapse-to-CPB interval at a cutoff of 55.5 min and CPB-to-34° C interval at a cutoff of 21.5 min was 85.4% and 89.5%, respectively. Conclusions: Early attainment of a core temperature had neurological benefits for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who underwent CPB and PCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-85
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Extracorporeal circulation
  • Hypothermia

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