Dynamic Trend of Myocardial Edema in Takotsubo Syndrome: A Serial Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Study

Ken Kato, Michiko Daimon, Masanori Sano, Koki Matsuno, Yoshiaki Sakai, Iwao Ishibashi, Tadayuki Kadohira, Koji Matsumoto, Yoshitada Masuda, Takashi Uno, Jelena Rima Ghadri, Christian Templin, Yoshio Kobayashi

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle (LV) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS) are known to be transient and completely recover within a few weeks. However, there is little information about the relationship between functional recovery and tissue characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate the recovery process of TTS using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods: Consecutive patients with TTS were prospectively enrolled. We performed serial CMR in the acute phase (<72 h after admission), the subacute phase (7–10 days after admission) and the chronic phase (3 months later). To assess the degree of myocardial edema quantitatively, we evaluated the signal intensity of myocardium on T2-weighted images and calculated the signal intensity ratio compared with the skeletal muscle. Results: Fifteen patients with TTS were enrolled. CMR demonstrated reduced LV ejection fraction in the acute phase, and it recovered almost completely by the subacute phase. On the other hand, severe myocardial edema was still observed in the subacute phase, associated with increased LV mass. The highest signal intensity ratio in the subacute phase was correlated with the maximum voltage of negative T wave on electrocardiogram (r = 0.57, p = 0.03). Conclusions: In patients with TTS, myocardial edema associated with increased LV mass still remained in the subacute phase despite functional recovery of the LV. Electrocardiogram may be useful to assess the degree of myocardial edema in the subacute phase. Our study suggests that myocardial ischemia might have a central role in developing TTS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number987
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Myocardial edema
  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
  • Takotsubo syndrome
  • Transient apical wall thickening

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