Dose-dependent effects of isoflurane and dobutamine on cardiovascular function in dogs with experimental mitral regurgitation

Seijirow Goya, Tomoki Wada, Kazumi Shimada, Daiki Hirao, Ryou Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To investigate the dose-dependent effects of isoflurane and dobutamine on haemodynamics in dogs with experimentally induced mitral valve insufficiency (MI). Study design: Experimental, dose–response study. Animals: Six healthy Beagle dogs. Methods: Dogs with surgically induced MI were anaesthetized once. First, anaesthesia was maintained at an end-tidal isoflurane concentration (FE′Iso) 1.0% (ISO1.0) for 20 minutes. Then, dobutamine was infused successively at 2, 4, 8 and 12 μg kg−1 minute−1 (DOB2–12) for 10 minutes at each dose rate. Measurements were recorded at each stage. Dobutamine was discontinued and FE′Iso was increased to 1.5% (ISO1.5) for 20 minutes. Dobutamine was administered similarly to ISO1.0, and cardiovascular variables were recorded. The same sequence was repeated for FE′Iso 2.0% (ISO2.0). Aortic pressure (AoP) and left atrial pressure (LAP) were recorded by radiotelemetry. The combination method of the pressure–volume loop analysis and transoesophageal echocardiography was used to measure cardiovascular variables: end-systolic elastance (Ees), effective arterial elastance (Ea), Ea/Ees, forward stroke volume (FSV), heart rate (HR), and cardiac output (CO). Results: High isoflurane concentration resulted in reduced Ees and increased Ea/Ees, which indicated low arterial pressure. High-dose dobutamine administration resulted in increased Ees and FSV at all isoflurane concentrations. In ISO1.5 and ISO2.0, HR was lower at DOB4 than baseline (BL) but increased at DOB12 compared with DOB4. CO increased at ≥ DOB8 compared with BL. In ISO1.5 and ISO2.0, systolic and mean AoP increased at ≥ DOB4 and ≥ DOB8, respectively. LAP did not change under all conditions. Conclusions and clinical relevance: The dose-dependent hypotensive effect of isoflurane in MI dogs was mainly derived from the decrease in contractility. Dobutamine increased AoP without increasing LAP by increasing the contractility attenuated by isoflurane. Our findings may improve the cardiovascular management of dogs with MI undergoing general anaesthesia with isoflurane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-442
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • anaesthesia
  • canine
  • cardiovascular
  • dobutamine


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