Demineralization capacity of commercial 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate-based all-in-one adhesive

Kou Fujita (Nakajima), Toru Nikaido, Akishi Arita, Satoshi Hirayama, Norihiro Nishiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: We determined the amounts of calcium salt of 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP-Ca salt) and dicalcium phosphate dihydride (DCPD) with an amorphous phase developed during the application of commercial MDP-based all-in-one adhesives to enamel and dentin. This is because the demineralization by MDP and following calcium salt formation of MDP may be limited by an ionic bond formation of MDP to hydroxyapaptite in the enamel and dentin and following intermediary layer formation of MDP, since MDP forms a chemically-stable adsorption layer. Methods: Scotchbond Universal Adhesive, Clearfil Tri–S Bond ND, Clearfil Tri–S Bond ND Quick, G–Bond Plus and our designed MDP-based all-in-one adhesive were used. Enamel and dentin reactant residues of each adhesive were prepared by varying the adhesive application periods: 1, 30 and 60 min, and were analyzed using phosphorous-31 nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray diffraction. Results: Increasing the adhesive application period to enamel and dentin led to the increased amount of MDP-Ca salt in contrast to amorphous DCPD. In the dentin, each adhesive showed a saturated value on the production amount of MDP-Ca salt when the adhesive was applied more than 30 min. In contrast, in the enamel, each adhesive showed an intermediate value on the saturated production amount of MDP-Ca salt that the respective adhesive exhibited. This is due to MDP employed demineralizes the enamel and dentin until MDP was completely consumed yielding MDP-Ca salt. Conclusion: Commercial MDP-based all-in-one adhesives would not form an intermediary layer of MDP on hydroxyapatite throughout their application period to enamel and dentin. Clinical relevance: The rate of MDP-Ca salt produced by the demineralization of enamel and dentin depends on the components that constitute commercial adhesive more strongly than on the concentrations of MDP and water in the respective adhesive. This is because HEMA-containing adhesive shows a slower production rate of MDP-Ca salt than HEMA-free adhesive in the enamel and dentin samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1555-1565
Number of pages11
JournalDental Materials
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • All-in-one adhesive
  • Calcium salt of MDP
  • MDP
  • NMR
  • X-ray diffraction


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