Cytonuclear estrogen receptor alpha regulates proliferation and migration of endometrial carcinoma cells

Mierxiati Saimi, Shota Moriya, Zhong Lian Li, Hidenobu Miyaso, Kenta Nagahori, Shinichi Kawata, Takuya Omotehara, Yuki Ogawa, Hirotsugu Hino, Keisuke Miyazawa, Kou Sakabe, Masahiro Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The effects of estrogen on cells are mediated by the estrogen receptor α (ERα) which localizes at the peri-membrane, cytoplasm, and the nucleus of cells. Therefore, we intended to investigate how cytonuclear ERα plays its roles in different cellular activities. Methods: We used amino acid substituted ERα that localized at the cytoplasm and nucleus but has no direct DNA-binding activities. ERα-negative endometrial carcinoma cells (ERα-) were stably transfected with plasmid of human ERα carrying a substituted phenylalanine at position 445 with alanine (ERα-F445A). Treated with 17β-estrogen (E2) or bazedoxifene (BDF), cell proliferation, migration, and expression of kinases related to ERα signal transduction pathways were observed. Results: E2 (40 nM) significantly activated proliferation in ERα-F445A cells, but not in ERα-cells. Similarly, E2 significantly activated cell migration in ERα-F445A cells, rather than that in ERα-cells. While no obvious change in the amount of the non-phosphorylated mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR), the expression of mTOR phosphorylated at serine 2448 decreased, which was recovered in presence of 17β-estrogen (E2) in the ERα-F445A cells. On the other hand, the expression of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) phosphorylated at tyrosine at 297 was attenuated in the ERα-F445A cells treated with E2. Conclusion: It is suggested that the cytonuclear ERα-F445A induces phosphorylation of kinases in downstream pathways, which regulate cell proliferation and migration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-16
Number of pages10
JournalTokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Endometrium
  • Estrogen receptor alpha
  • Focal adhesion kinase (FAK)
  • Mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR)
  • Migration


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