Current Use and Impact of Pulmonary Artery Catheters on the Short-Term Outcomes in Patients With Cardiogenic Shock Treated With an Impella: Findings From the Japan Registry for Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Device (J-PVAD)

Japan Registry for Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Device (J-PVAD) Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the current use and impact of pulmonary artery catheters (PACs) in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) who underwent Impella support. DESIGN: This was a prospective multicenter observational study between January 2020 and December 2021 that registered all patients with drug-refractory acute heart failure and in whom the placement of an Impella 2.5, CP, or 5.0 pump was attempted or successful in Japan. SETTING: Cardiac ICUs in Japan. PATIENTS: Between January 2020 and December 2021, a total of 3112 patients treated with an Impella were prospectively enrolled in the Japan registry for percutaneous ventricular assist device (J-PVAD). Among them, 2063 patients with CS were divided into two groups according to the PAC use. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary endpoint was the 30-day mortality, and the secondary endpoints were hemolysis, acute kidney injury, sepsis, major bleeding unrelated to the Impella, and ventricular arrhythmias within 30 days. PACs were used in 1358 patients (65.8%) who underwent an Impella implantation. The use of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was significantly higher in the patients with PACs than in those without. Factors associated with PAC use were the prevalence of hypertension, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, New York Heart Association classification IV, the lesser prevalence of a heart rate less than 50, and the use of any catecholamine. The primary and secondary endpoints did not significantly differ according to the PAC use. Focusing on the patients with VA-ECMO use, the 30-day mortality and hemolysis were univariately lower in the patients with PACs. CONCLUSIONS: The J-PVAD findings indicated that PAC use did not have a significant impact on the short-term outcomes in CS patients undergoing Impella support. Further prospective studies are required to explore the clinical implications of PAC-guided intensive treatment strategies in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E279-E288
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2024

Keywords

  • cardiogenic shock
  • Impella
  • mortality
  • pulmonary artery catheter
  • venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Current Use and Impact of Pulmonary Artery Catheters on the Short-Term Outcomes in Patients With Cardiogenic Shock Treated With an Impella: Findings From the Japan Registry for Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Device (J-PVAD)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this