Current status of proteomic technologies for discovering and identifying gingival crevicular fluid biomarkers for periodontal disease

Sachio Tsuchida, Mamoru Satoh, Masaki Takiwaki, Fumio Nomura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in dental biofilms. To eliminate the bacteria, immune system cells release substances that inflame and damage the gums, periodontal ligament, or alveolar bone, leading to swollen bleeding gums, which is a sign of gingivitis. Damage from periodontal disease can cause teeth to loosen also. Studies have demonstrated the proteomic approach to be a promising tool for the discovery and identification of biochemical markers of periodontal diseases. Recently, many studies have applied expression proteomics to identify proteins whose expression levels are altered by disease. As a fluid lying in close proximity to the periodontal tissue, the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is the principal target in the search for periodontal disease biomarkers because its protein composition may reflect the disease pathophysiology. Biochemical marker analysis of GCF is effective for objective diagnosis in the early and advanced stages of periodontal disease. Periodontal diseases are also promising targets for proteomics, and several groups, including ours, have applied proteomics in the search for GCF biomarkers of periodontal diseases. This search is of continuing interest in the field of experimental and clinical periodontal disease research. In this article, we summarize the current situation of proteomic technologies to discover and identify GCF biomarkers for periodontal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number86
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Gingival crevicular fluid
  • LC-MS
  • MALDI-TOF MS
  • MS
  • Periodontal disease
  • Proteomics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Current status of proteomic technologies for discovering and identifying gingival crevicular fluid biomarkers for periodontal disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this