Correlations between class I glucose transporter expression patterns and clinical outcomes in non-small cell lung cancer

Yoko Nakanishi, Momoko Iwai, Yukari Hirotani, Ren Kato, Tomoyuki Tanino, Haruna Nishimaki-watanabe, Fumi Nozaki, Sumie Ohni, Xiaoyan Tang, Shinobu Masuda, Kayoko Sasaki-fukatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Glucose transporters (GLUTs) are highly expressed in various cancers. However, the implications of these variable expression patterns are unclear. This study aimed to clarify the correlation between class I GLUT expression patterns and clinical outcomes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including their potential role in inflammatory signaling. Methods: Biopsy tissues from 132 patients with NSCLC (92 adenocarcinomas [ADC] and 40 squamous cell carcinomas [SQCC]) were analyzed. mRNA expression levels of class I GLUTs (solute carrier 2A [SLC2A]1, SLC2A2, SLC2A3, and SLC2A4) and inflammation-related molecules (toll-like receptors TLR4, RelA/p65, and interleukins IL8 and IL6) were measured. Cellular localization of GLUT3 and GLUT4 was investigated using immunofluorescence. Results: Single, combined, and negative GLUT (SLC2A) expression were observed in 27/92 (29.3%), 27/92 (29.3%), and 38/92 (41.3%, p < 0.001) of ADC and 8/40 (20.0%), 29/40 (72.5%, p < 0.001), and 3/40 (7.5%) of SQCC, respectively. In ADC, the single SLC2A3-expressed group had a significantly poorer prognosis, whereas the single SLC2A4-expressed group had a significantly better prognosis. The combined expression groups showed no significant difference. SLC2A expression was not correlated with SQCC prognosis. SLC2A4 expression correlated with lower IL8 expression. GLUT3 and GLUT4 expressions were localized in the tumor cytoplasm. Conclusions: In lung ADC, single SLC2A3 expression correlated with poor prognosis, whereas single SLC2A4 expression correlated with better prognosis and lower IL8 expression. GLUT3 expression, which is increased by IL8 overexpression, may be suppressed by increasing the expression of GLUT4 through decreased IL8 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2761-2769
Number of pages9
JournalThoracic Cancer
Volume14
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • GLUT3
  • GLUT4
  • IL8
  • glucose transporters
  • lung cancer

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