Combined Secretomics and Transcriptomics Revealed Cancer-Derived GDF15 is Involved in Diffuse-Type Gastric Cancer Progression and Fibroblast Activation

Takayuki Ishige, Motoi Nishimura, Mamoru Satoh, Mai Fujimoto, Masaki Fukuyo, Toshihisa Semba, Sayaka Kado, Sachio Tsuchida, Setsu Sawai, Kazuyuki Matsushita, Akira Togawa, Hisahiro Matsubara, Atsushi Kaneda, Fumio Nomura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastric cancer is classified into two subtypes, diffuse and intestinal. The diffuse-type gastric cancer (DGC) has poorer prognosis, and the molecular pathology is not yet fully understood. The purpose of this study was to identify functional secreted molecules involved in DGC progression. We integrated the secretomics of six gastric cancer cell lines and gene expression analysis of gastric cancer tissues with publicly available microarray data. Hierarchical clustering revealed characteristic gene expression differences between diffuse-and intestinal-types. GDF15 was selected as a functional secreted molecule owing to high expression only in fetal tissues. Protein expression of GDF15 was higher in DGC cell lines and tissues. Serum levels of GDF15 were significant higher in DGC patients as compared with healthy individuals and chronic gastritis patients, and positively correlated with wall invasion and lymph node metastasis. In addition, the stimulation of GDF15 on NIH3T3 fibroblast enhanced proliferation and up-regulated expression of extracellular matrix genes, which were similar to TGF-β stimulation. These results indicate that GDF15 contributes to fibroblast activation. In conclusion, this study revealed that GDF15 may be a novel functional secreted molecule for DGC progression, possibly having important roles for cancer progression via the affecting fibroblast function, as well as TGF-β.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21681
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

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