Combination of cardiac and thoracic pump theories in rodent cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a new method of three-side chest compression

Yu Okuma, Koichiro Shinozaki, Tsukasa Yagi, Kota Saeki, Tai Yin, Junhwan Kim, Lance B. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Background: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (HQ-CPR) is of paramount importance to improve neurological outcomes of cardiac arrest (CA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate chest compression methods by combining two theories: cardiac and thoracic pumps. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Three types of chest compression methods were studied. The 1-side method was performed vertically with 2 fingers over the sternum. The 2-side method was performed horizontally with 2 fingers, bilaterally squeezing the chest wall. The 3-side method combined the 1-side and the 2-side methods. Rats underwent 10 min of asphyxial CA. We examined ROSC rates, the left ventricular functions, several arterial pressures, intrathoracic pressure, and brain tissue oxygen. Results: The 3-side group achieved 100% return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) from asphyxial CA, while the 1-side group and 2-side group achieved 80% and 60% ROSC, respectively. Three-side chest compression significantly shortened the time for ROSC among the groups (1-side, 105 ± 36.0; 2-side, 141 ± 21.7; 3-side, 57.8 ± 12.3 s, respectively, P < 0.05). Three-side significantly increased the intrathoracic pressure (esophagus, 7.6 ± 1.9, 7.3 ± 2.8, vs. 12.7 ± 2.2; mmHg, P < 0.01), the cardiac stroke volume (the ratio of the baseline 1.2 ± 0.6, 1.3 ± 0.1, vs. 2.1 ± 0.6, P < 0.05), and the common carotid arterial pressure (subtracted by femoral arterial pressure 4.0 ± 2.5, 0.3 ± 1.6, vs. 8.4 ± 2.6; mmHg, P < 0.01). Three-side significantly increased the brain tissue oxygen (the ratio of baseline 1.4±0.1, 1.3±0.2, vs. 1.6 ± 0.04, P < 0.05). Conclusions: These results suggest that increased intrathoracic pressure by 3-side CPR improves the cardiac output, which may in turn help brain oxygenation during CPR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
JournalIntensive Care Medicine Experimental
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 3-Side chest compression
  • Cardiac arrest
  • High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Return of spontaneous circulation


Dive into the research topics of 'Combination of cardiac and thoracic pump theories in rodent cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a new method of three-side chest compression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this