Cardiac Computed Tomography for Quantification of Myocardial Extracellular Volume Fraction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Donghee Han, Andrew Lin, Keiichiro Kuronuma, Heidi Gransar, Damini Dey, John D. Friedman, Daniel S. Berman, Balaji K. Tamarappoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Extracellular volume (ECV) is a quantitative measure of extracellular compartment expansion, and an increase in ECV is a marker of myocardial fibrosis. Although cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is considered the standard imaging tool for ECV quantification, cardiac computed tomography (CT) has also been used for ECV assessment. Objectives: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the correlation and agreement in the quantification of myocardial ECV by CT and CMR. Methods: PubMed and Web of Science were searched for relevant publications reporting on the use of CT for ECV quantification compared with CMR as the reference standard. The authors employed a meta-analysis using the restricted maximum-likelihood estimator with a random-effects method to estimate summary correlation and mean difference. A subgroup analysis was performed to compare the correlation and mean differences between single-energy CT (SECT) and dual-energy CT (DECT) techniques for the ECV quantification. Results: Of 435 papers, 13 studies comprising 383 patients were identified. The mean age range was 57.3 to 82 years, and 65% of patients were male. Overall, there was an excellent correlation between CT-derived ECV and CMR-derived ECV (mean: 0.90 [95% CI: 0.86-0.95]). The pooled mean difference between CT and CMR was 0.96% (95% CI: 0.14%-1.78%). Seven studies reported correlation values using SECT, and 4 studies reported those using DECT. The pooled correlation from studies utilizing DECT for ECV quantification was significantly higher compared with those with SECT (mean: 0.94 [95% CI: 0.91-0.98] vs 0.87 [95% CI: 0.80-0.94], respectively; P = 0.01). There was no significant difference in pooled mean differences between SECT vs DECT (P = 0.85). Conclusions: CT-derived ECV showed an excellent correlation and mean difference of <1% with CMR-derived ECV. However, the overall quality of the included studies was low, and larger, prospective studies are needed to examine the accuracy and diagnostic and prognostic utility of CT-derived ECV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1306-1317
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • cardiac magnetic resonance
  • computed tomography
  • extracellular volume
  • meta-analysis


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