Bardet–Biedl syndrome associated with novel compound heterozygous variants in BBS12 gene

Tamaki Morohashi, Takaaki Hayashi, Kei Mizobuchi, Tadashi Nakano, Ichiro Morioka

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Background: Bardet–Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive ciliopathy characterized by 6 primary features of rod-cone dystrophy, central obesity, polydactyly, cognitive impairment, hypogonadism and/or genitourinary malformations, and kidney abnormalities. At least 21 genes associated with BBS have been reported. To date, BBS associated with BBS12 variants has never been described in the Japanese population. We report a Japanese infant female with BBS with compound heterozygous BBS12 variants. Methods: In addition to the pediatric examination, fundus photography, full-field electroretinogram(ffERG) and whole exome sequencing (WES) were underwent. Results: The infant exhibited obesity, polydactyly, cognitive impairment, genitourinary malformations, and kidney dysfunction. At the age of 2 years, ffERG revealed severe reduction in both rod- and cone-mediated electroretinographic responses consistent with a severe form of rod-cone dystrophy, with minimal retinal abnormalities. WES revealed novel compound heterozygous BBS12 variants (c.591T > A, p.Tyr197* and c.1372dupA, p.Thr458Asnfs*5) in the infant. Her parents carried each of the variants, as confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Conclusions: The current observations will contribute to an expanded understanding of genotype–phenotype associations in BBS12-associated BBS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalDocumenta Ophthalmologica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • Bardet–Biedl syndrome
  • BBS12
  • Ciliopathy
  • Electroretinography
  • Infant


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