Automated Motion Correction for Myocardial Blood Flow Measurements and Diagnostic Performance of 82Rb PET Myocardial Perfusion Imaging

Keiichiro Kuronuma, Chih Chun Wei, Ananya Singh, Mark Lemley, Sean W. Hayes, Yuka Otaki, Mark C. Hyun, Serge D. Van Kriekinge, Paul Kavanagh, Cathleen Huang, Donghee Han, Damini Dey, Daniel S. Berman, Piotr J. Slomka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Motion correction (MC) affects myocardial blood flow (MBF) measurements in 82Rb PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI); however, frame-by-frame manual MC of dynamic frames is time-consuming. This study aims to develop an automated MC algorithm for time- activity curves used in compartmental modeling and compare the predictive value of MBF with and without automated MC for significant coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: In total, 565 patients who underwent PET-MPI were considered. Patients without angiographic findings were split into training (n = 112) and validation (n = 112) groups. The automated MC algorithm used simplex iterative optimization of a count-based cost function and was developed using the training group. MBF measurements with automated MC were compared with those withmanualMC in the validation group. In a separate cohort, 341 patients who underwent PET-MPI and invasive coronary angiography were enrolled in the angiographic group. The predictive performance in patients with significant CAD (≥70% stenosis) was compared between MBF measurements with and without automated MC. Results: In the validation group (n = 112), MBF measurements with automated and manual MC showed strong correlations (r = 0.98 for stress MBF and r = 0.99 for rest MBF). The automatic MC took less time than the manual MC (<12 s vs. 10min per case). In the angiographic group (n = 341), MBF measurements with automated MC decreased significantly compared with those without (stress MBF, 2.16 vs. 2.26mL/g/min; rest MBF, 1.12 vs. 1.14mL/g/min; MFR, 2.02 vs. 2.10; all P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) for the detection of significant CAD by stress MBF with automated MC was higher than that without (AUC, 95% CI, 0.76 [0.71-0.80] vs. 0.73 [0.68-0.78]; P < 0.05). The addition of stress MBF with automated MC to the model with ischemic total perfusion deficit showed higher diagnostic performance for detection of significant CAD (AUC, 95% CI, 0.82 [0.77-0.86] vs. 0.78 [0.74-0.83]; P = 0.022), but the addition of stress MBF without MC to the model with ischemic total perfusion deficit did not reach significance (AUC, 95% CI, 0.81 [0.76-0.85] vs. 0.78 [0.74-0.83]; P = 0.067). Conclusion: Automated MC on 82Rb PET-MPI can be performed rapidly with excellent agreement with experienced operators. Stress MBF with automated MC showed significantly higher diagnostic performance than without MC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • motion correction
  • myocardial blood flow
  • myocardial perfusion imaging
  • PET
  • rubidium

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