Are assessments of damping capacity and placement torque useful in estimating root proximity of orthodontic anchor screws?

Mitsuru Motoyoshi, Yasuki Uchida, Mizuki Inaba, Ken ichiro Ejima, Kazuya Honda, Noriyoshi Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Placement torque and damping capacity may increase when the orthodontic anchor screws make contact with an adjacent root. If this is the case, root contact can be inferred from the placement torque and damping capacity. The purpose of this study was to verify the detectability of root proximity of the screws by placement torque and damping capacity. For this purpose, we investigated the relationship among placement torque, damping capacity, and screw-root proximity. Methods The placement torque, damping capacity, and root proximity of 202 screws (diameter, 1.6 mm; length, 8.0 mm) were evaluated in 110 patients (31 male, 79 female; mean age, 21.3 ± 6.9 years). Placement torque was measured using a digital torque tester, damping capacity was measured with a Periotest device (Medizintechnik Gulden, Modautal, Germany), and root contact was judged using cone-beam computed tomography images. Results The rate of root contact was 18.3%. Placement torque and damping capacity were 7.8 N·cm and 3.8, respectively. The placement torque of screws with root contact was greater than that of screws with no root contact (P <0.05; effect size, 0.44; power, <0.8). Damping capacity of screws with root contact was significantly greater than that of screws with no root contact (P <0.01; effect size, >0.5; power, >0.95). Conclusions It was suggested that the damping capacity is related to root contact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume150
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

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