Application of the biocopolymer preparation system, rapid BACpro® II kit, for mass-spectrometry-based bacterial identification from positive blood culture bottles by the MALDI Biotyper system

Sachio Tsuchida, Syota Murata, Akiko Miyabe, Mamoru Satoh, Masaki Takiwaki, Kazuho Ashizawa, Takashi Terada, Daisuke Ito, Kazuyuki Matsushita, Fumio Nomura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is increasingly used for identification of microorganisms from positive blood cultures. Pretreatments to effectively remove non-bacterial components and selectively collect microorganisms are a prerequisite for successful identification, and a variety of home-brew and commercial protocols have been reported. Although commercially available kits, mainly the Sepsityper Kit, are increasingly used, the identification rates reported often are not satisfactory, particularly for Gram-positive isolates. We recently developed a method to collect bacteria from positive blood culture bottles using a polyallylamine-polystyrene copolymer that has been used in wastewater processing. This pretreatment protocol is now commercially available as the rapid BACpro® II kit (Nittobo Medical Co., Tokyo, Japan). The operation time required for processing using this novel kit is approximately 10 min, and the entire procedure can be completed within a biosafety cabinet. Since the performance of the rapid BACpro® II kit has not been tested using the MALDI Biotyper system, we prospectively evaluated the performance of the rapid BACpro® II kit as compared with the Sepsityper® kit. Performance of the rapid BACpro® II kit was evaluated using a total of 193 monomicrobial cases of positive blood culture. Medium from blood culture bottles was pretreated by the rapid BACpro® II kit or the Sepsityper® Kit, and isolated cells were subjected to direct identification by MS fingerprinting in parallel with conventional subculturing for reference identification. The overall MALDI-TOF MS-based identification rates with >1.7 score and >2.0 score obtained using the rapid BACpro® II kit were 99.5% and 80.8%, respectively, whereas those obtained using the Sepsityper® Kit were 89.1% and 68.4%, respectively (P < 0.05 for >1.7 and P < 0.05 for >2.0 by Pearsons's chi-square). In Gram-positive cases, the rapid BACpro® II kit gave identification rate of 100% with >1.7 score and 69.4% with >2.0 score, whereas there were 84.7% and 56.8%, respectively by the Sepsityper® Kit (P < 0.05 for >1.7). These results are preliminary, but considering that this new kit is easy to perform and the identification rates are promising, the rapid BACpro® II kit deserves assessment in a larger-scale study with a variety of platforms for MS-based bacterial identification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-91
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Microbiological Methods
Volume152
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial identification
  • Blood culture
  • Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry
  • Rapid BACpro® II kit

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