Amino acid influx via LAT1 regulates iron demand and sensitivity to PPMX-T003 of aggressive natural killer cell leukemia

Ryo Yanagiya, Yuji Miyatake, Natsumi Watanabe, Takanobu Shimizu, Akane Kanamori, Masaya Ueno, Sachiko Okabe, Joaquim Carreras, Shunya Nakayama, Ami Hasegawa, Kazuaki Kameda, Takeshi Kamakura, So Nakagawa, Takuji Yamauchi, Takahiro Maeda, Keisuke Ishii, Tadashi Matsuura, Hiroshi Handa, Atsushi Hirao, Kenichi IshizawaMakoto Onizuka, Tetsuo Mashima, Naoya Nakamura, Kiyoshi Ando, Ai Kotani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aggressive natural killer cell leukemia (ANKL) is a rare hematological malignancy with a fulminant clinical course. Our previous study revealed that ANKL cells proliferate predominantly in the liver sinusoids and strongly depend on transferrin supplementation. In addition, we demonstrated that liver-resident ANKL cells are sensitive to PPMX-T003, an anti-human transferrin receptor 1 inhibitory antibody, whereas spleen-resident ANKL cells are resistant to transferrin receptor 1 inhibition. However, the microenvironmental factors that regulate the iron dependency of ANKL cells remain unclear. In this study, we first revealed that the anti-neoplastic effect of PPMX-T003 was characterized by DNA double-strand breaks in a DNA replication-dependent manner, similar to conventional cytotoxic agents. We also found that the influx of extracellular amino acids via LAT1 stimulated sensitivity to PPMX-T003. Taken together, we discovered that the amount of extracellular amino acid influx through LAT1 was the key environmental factor determining the iron dependency of ANKL cells via adjustment of their mTOR/Myc activity, which provides a good explanation for the different sensitivity to PPMX-T003 between liver- and spleen-resident ANKL cells, as the liver sinusoid contains abundant amino acids absorbed from the gut. (Figure presented.)

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


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