A 3-year-old boy with GuillaineBarré syndrome and encephalitis associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection

Fumie Hanzawa, Tatsuo Fuchigami, Wakako Ishii, Sonoko Nakajima, Yuki Kawamura, Ayumi Endo, Chikako Arakawa, Ryutaro Kohira, Yukihiko Fujita, Shori Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of respiratory tract illness in children. Among the most common extrapulmonary manifestations are disorders of the central nervous system, including meningitis, meningoencephalitis, cerebellitis, polyneuropathy, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and GuillaineBarré syndrome. GuillaineBarré syndrome, also known as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, is an acute-onset, immune-mediated disorder of the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is usually intact in patients with GuillaineBarré syndrome. However, there have been some reports of an association of GuillaineBarré syndrome with central nervous system involvement in children. We report a 3-year-old boy with M. pneumoniae infection associated with GuillaineBarré syndrome and encephalitis. Both serum anti-GM1 ganglioside (IgG and IgM) and anti-galactocerebroside IgG antibodies were detected in our patient: the former in the earlier stage of the disease, and the latter in the later stage.We speculate that anti-GM1 ganglioside was associated more with encephalitis, and anti-galactocerebroside antibody was associated more with GBS in our case. Our patient is the youngest report of GuillaineBarré syndrome with central nervous system involvement, and the first report of a pediatric patient with associated M. pneumoniae infection. Such cases are rarely reported, but highlight the need for awareness of the association of the infection with GuillaineBarré syndrome with central nervous system involvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-138
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infection and Chemotherapy
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Anti-GM1 ganglioside antibody
  • Anti-galactocerebroside antibody
  • Children
  • Encephalitis
  • GuillaineBarré syndrome
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection

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